Earth’s weather and climate result from recursive and iterative interactions between the elements, energy, and time. Recently, with advances in computer modeling, predictions are much better, and simulations are getting closer to replicating observed evidence.
Not a moment too soon, or not a moment too late?
From the NYTimes:
…and from The Atlantic:
“The weather-research hub of Norman, Oklahoma, is rarely mentioned in the same breath as Palo Alto… But over the past few decades, scientists have gotten significantly—even staggeringly—better at predicting the weather.
“Meteorologists are increasingly uniting weather models and climate models, allowing them to project the general contours of a season as it begins.
“You translate Newtonian physics into a sphere and get Coriolis [force],” [said Richard Alley, a geoscientist at Penn State]. “There’s no line in the code that says, Please make a Gulf Stream. But it is the physics of the Earth, so when you spin it up, the Gulf Stream appears because it has to.”